The benefits of marijuana to health and lack of its scientific evidence has been intensified during the past few years. Several states in the US have now made marijuana available for medical and recreational purposes. Even though advocates of the legalization of marijuana may emphasize the benefits of smoking pot, research suggested that there are legitimate uses of marijuana, and there are strong reasons to pursue studying cannabis further. Because of this, more people engage in smoking marijuana and even delve into growing their own supply.
Smoking marijuana means you have to open yourself up to learning more about cannabis. This presents a unique set of challenge and a huge chunk of knowledge for you to gain. Learning about marijuana can be overwhelming; that’s why here is a step-by-step guide in growing marijuana indoors to lessen your worries.
Just like human beings, the following are needed to grow your plants:
- Light – Artificial light will do
- Growing Medium – This is where you’ll develop your plants
- Seeds – Find quality seeds
- Air – Good ventilation and air exchange is essential
- Temperature – A rule you can keep in mind is if it is too hot for you, it’s hot for your plants as well
- Food – or nutrients. You can find pre-formulated nutrients that you can add your water.
- Water – let’s face it; we all need water.
Step 1: Designate a Grow Room
The initial step in growing your plant is to find a suitable place for it. It can be a tent, cabinet, or a spare room. Remember to start small to lessen the cost of damage if ever. But also, consider that space that you’ll need for additional equipment and a growing number of marijuana plants.
Since growing any plant can be messy, you need to keep in mind the cleanliness of your area. Avoid carpets, mats, or rugs as much as possible.
Another essential criterion for your space is that it should be light-tight. Light can easily leak during night hours. This can cause your plants to grow male flowers.
Step 2: Choose the right light
In growing your cannabis, you can choose a variety of style depending on your planned budget. High-Intensity Discharge (HID) lights are widely used for their combination of output, efficiency, and value. Fluorescent Grow Lights or high output t5 bulbs are popular for growers because they tend to be cheaper to set up and they don’t require a cooling system as HID does. The main problem is it is less efficient. LED grow lights use far less electricity and create less heat.
Step 3: Give it some air
Plants need carbon dioxide to thrive. This can easily be achieved by installing an exhaust fan on top of the room to remove the warm air and keep tour plants cool and dry. The temperature needs a range from 70-85 degrees when lights are on and between 58-70 degrees when lights are off. Different strains require different levels of warmth.
Step 4: Choose your Medium
Depending on your preference, you can opt for soil or soilless medium. For first time growers, the soil is an excellent way to start. Indoor growing choose to use soilless, hydroponic media for cultivating plants. This requires feeding of concentrated solutions of mineral salt nutrients that absorbed by plants through the process of osmosis.
Step 5: Give Cannabis Some Nutrients
Growing high-quality cannabis flowers needs more nutrients than ordinary ones. Primary nutrients are required by your plants like Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium. Cannabis changes its nutrients needed during its lifecycle. It needs more nitrogen during vegetative growth and more phosphorus and potassium during bud production.
Step 6: Water Your Plants
The most important thing to consider is not to overwater plants. Cannabis plants are very prone to having fungal root disease when they are too wet due to overwatering. Amount of water needed by plants depends on what medium is used, what size are the plants, and temperature.